Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry 388 (8), 1831-1838, 2007.

Spectral elucidation of the acid metabolites of the four geometric isomers of Trifloxystrobin

Kaushik Banerjee1, Axel Patrick Ligon2 and Michael Spiteller2

1National Research Centre for Grapes, Pune, 412 307, India
2Institute of Environmental Research (INFU), University of Dortmund, Otto-Hahn-Strasse 6, 44221 Dortmund, Germany

Received: 23 February 2007

Revised: 10 May 2007

Accepted: 22 May 2007

Published online: 20 June 2007


Four geometric isomers of trifloxystrobin (TFS) — namely EE, EZ, ZE, and ZZ — were hydrolyzed by 0.05 M NaOH, resulting in four corresponding acid metabolites. These compounds — namely EE-, EZ-, ZE-, and ZZ-acids — were purified by preparative HPLC and authentically characterized by a combination of infrared, Raman, GC–MS, LC–MS/MS, and NMR spectroscopies. The spectra were found to be very characteristic of the individual isomers, and so they could be used to distinguish the isomers from each other. The detailed spectral features of the individual isomers are presented and compared. EE-acid was identified as being the major metabolite of TFS in soil, which indicates that hydrolysis is the principal route of degradation of TFS. This finding further justifies the importance of the present study in relation to assessing the risk associated with the release of TFS into the environment.

Keywords: Trifloxystrobin, Hydrolysis, HPLC, IR, Raman, NMR, Mass spectroscopy